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    3. Preliminary Data

      step-2Preliminary data - this is the evaluation of the necessary work on the site and the results will become specific documents which are required for the correct development of the design. This includes the preliminary analysis of the results and identification of several possibilities for site development, so occurs in this stage. The typical collection of the preliminary data involves the site overviewtopography, climate, wind patterns, site illumination, photo session. 

      When all preliminary data is assembled and the complex data site analysis is completed it is possible to approach the analysis of the components, which will directly influence  the construction.



      The site overview comes next. The design of any site begins here. The topographic plan is examined on the first inspection, existing trees and bushes are noted and they are valued according to their decorative and health condition. Soil analysis is done to determine the soil type, its acidity as well as its mechanical and chemical composition; it is also necessary to learn the ground water level. The types of plants that can be planted in the site will depend on this. The inspection of the surrounding area is also important because it is necessary to consider not only its style, but also the shade that it may create, the vegetation and the presence of ponds. 



      topographyTopographic plan - takes into account the relief of the site, the highest points are noted along with steep slopes, ledges, all flat territories and the elevation of the site. Topographic survey is necessary for the designer. This is a crucial element, since the entire plan depends on if the existing relief will remain or if a new a new relief will be created through the movement of soil, the creation of ponds and the growth of planned vegetation. This is especially important for the positioning of the projects zones and certain other elements of landscape design since an inaccurate plan of the original site can lead to a notable increase in the expenditures for the projects improvement. In other words, the topographic plan of is kind of like the foundation, on which the landscape designer will construct entire project.  

      Precise measurement - if the relief in the site is flat, it will be sufficient to just create a measurement plan of the site - putting the entire site on paper taking scale into account. Small inclines will be reflected here along with the existing buildings and plants. Important notes created during the measurements and they will be useful during the development of the design. Along with the measurements a schematic plan of the ground floor of the house is usually also done because all of the entrances, exits, windows and rain collection devices are important to the design. 



      Climate - The climatic zone of the site should be considered, as well as the sites location in relation to the directions of light.



      Wind analysis - It is important to analyze the winds of this climatic zone and the dominant seasonal winds. A sufficiently large number of plants are extremely unfavourable to the conditions of constant drafts and wind, this especially concerns plants with large leaves. The direction and force of winds certain parts of the site can differ, for example, if the area between the house and a side fence is opposite of the direction of the prevailing winds then wind will be common and strong. Therefore, for the selection of the successful planting place of plants it is necessary to consider this seemingly unimportant factor. 



      Site illumination and site orientation (the "North" and "South" of the site). After carrying out the illumination analysis, which shows the degree of shade in the site, it is now possible to start choosing plants. The amount of light and shade in different zones of your site is extremely important for selecting the plants, since the majority of plants are extremely demanding of the light while some others do not tolerate  direct sun light. Some plants will never show their true beauty if you do not provide them with the maximum amount of heat and sun possible. 



      This consists of the photography of the different parts of the site - designer after examining the site, this will make analyzing the current situation possible and will help to reveal the advantages of the site and  some possible viewpoints. The visualization of the effects is as important as the complexity of the design. The photographs taken during this process can also be used to create images to show what the completed design will look like and help you visualize the design.